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Humanitarian Crises: report on responding to child labour in times of emergencies

"Child labour and humanitarian crises are intimately connected. Fragile situations characterised by instability, income shocks, school closures, lack of decent work opportunities and disruption of social safety nets and services create the conditions for child labour. Conflict, disaster and displacement fuel new and existing risk factors and affect the ability of families and communities to protect children from child labour. "

The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Situations released a new toolkit on preventing and responding to child labour in humanitarian action. The publication includes both practical tools and case studies useful for policymakers, practicioners and advocates in the fight against child labour. Recognising that humanitarian crises are major drivers of child labour and including safeguards to not only address child labour when it happens but to prevent children from falling into child labour is crucial to make progress against the SDG goal to eliminate child labour by 2025.

Agricultural Case Study

With over 71% of all child labour occuring agriculture, mostly in a family context, it is important to consider how crises can cause children to end up working in fields at the expense of thier heath, safety or education. The case study aimed to compare methods of in-depth assessments to understand child labour in a crisis setting. It looked Syrian refugees in Lebanon, including an 18-momth rapid assessment of the demand side of child labour in agriculture and an in-depth research on tented settlements in the agricultural sector of Lebanon’s Beqaa Valley conducted over a 3 year period.

In the end, the findings of both studies were similar and the rapid assessment was more suitable to the operating context. However, the importance of having both quantitative and qualitative data was highlighted in both studies.